NCERT Chemistry class 11



Unit 1 Some Basic Concepts of Chemistry

1.1 Importance of Chemistry

1.2 Nature of Matter

1.3 Properties of Matter and their Measurement

1.4 Uncertainty in Measurement

1.5 Laws of Chemical Combinations

1.6 Dalton’s Atomic Theory

1.7 Atomic and Molecular Masses

1.8 Mole Concept and Molar Masses

1.9 Percentage Composition

1.10 Stoichiometry and Stoichiometric Calculations

Unit 2 Structure of Atom

2.1 Discovery of Sub-atomic Particles

2.2 Atomic Models

2.3 Developments Leading to the Bohr’s Model of Atom

2.4 Bohr’s Model for Hydrogen Atom

2.5 Towards Quantum Mechanical Model of the Atom

2.6 Quantum Mechanical Model of Atom

Unit 3 Classification of Elements and Periodicity in Properties

3.1 Why do we Need to Classify Elements ?

3.2 Genesis of Periodic Classification

3.3 Modern Periodic Law and the present form of the Periodic Table

3.4 Nomenclature of Elements with Atomic Numbers >

3.5 Electronic Configurations of Elements and the Periodic Table

3.6 Electronic Configurations and Types of Elements:s-, p-, d-, f- Blocks

3.7 Periodic Trends in Properties of Elements

Unit 4 Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure

4.1 Kössel-Lewis Approach to Chemical Bonding

4.2 Ionic or Electrovalent Bond

4.3 Bond Parameters

4.4 The Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) Theory

4.5 Valence Bond Theory

4.6 Hybridisation

4.7 Molecular Orbital Theory

4.8 Bonding in Some Homonuclear Diatomic Molecules

4.9 Hydrogen Bonding

Unit 5 States of Matter

5.1 Intermolecular Forces

5.2 Thermal Energy

5.3 Intermolecular Forces vs Thermal Interactions

5.4 The Gaseous State

5.5 The Gas Laws

5.6 Ideal Gas Equation

5.7 Kinetic Energy and Molecular Speeds

5.8 Kinetic Molecular Theory of Gases

5.9 Behaviour of Real Gases: Deviation from Ideal Gas Behaviour

5.10 Liquefaction of Gases

5.11 Liquid State

Unit 6 Thermodynamics

6.1 Thermodynamic Terms

6.2 Applications

6.3 Measurement of ∆U and ∆H: Calorimetry

6.4 Enthalpy Change, ∆rH of a Reaction – Reaction Enthalpy

6.5 Enthalpies for Different Types of Reactions

6.6 Spontaneity

6.7 Gibbs Energy Change and Equilibrium

Unit 7 Equilibrium

7.1 Equilibrium in Physical Processes

7.2 Equilibrium in Chemical Processes – Dynamic Equilibrium

7.3 Law of Chemical Equilibrium and Equilibrium Constant

7.4 Homogeneous Equilibria

7.5 Heterogeneous Equilibria

7.6 Applications of Equilibrium Constants

7.7 Relationship between Equilibrium Constant K,Reaction Quotient Q and Gibbs Energy G

7.8 Factors Affecting Equilibria

7.9 Ionic Equilibrium in Solution

7.10 Acids, Bases and Salts

7.11 Ionization of Acids and Bases

7.12 Buffer Solutions

7.13 Solubility Equilibria of Sparingly Soluble Salts

Unit 8 Redox Reactions

8.1 Classical Idea of Redox Reactions-Oxidation and Reduction Reactions

8.2 Redox Reactions in Terms of Electron Transfer Reactions

8.3 Oxidation Number

8.4 Redox Reactions and Electrode Processes

Unit 9 Hydrogen

9.1 Position of Hydrogen in the Periodic Table

9.2 Dihydrogen, H2

9.3 Preparation of Dihydrogen, H2

9.4 Properties of Dihydrogen

9.5 Hydrides

9.6 Water

9.7 Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2)

9.8 Heavy Water, D2O

9.9 Dihydrogen as a Fuel

Unit 10 The s-Block Elements

10.1 Group 1 Elements: Alkali Metals

10.2 General Characteristics of the Compounds of the Alkali Metals

10.3 Anomalous Properties of Lithium

10.4 Some Important Compounds of Sodium

10.5 Biological Importance of Sodium and Potassium

10.6 Group 2 Elements : Alkaline Earth Metals

10.7 General Characteristics of Compounds of the Alkaline Earth Metals

10.8 Anomalous Behaviour of Beryllium

10.9 Some Important Compounds of Calcium

10.10 Biological Importance of Magnesium and Calcium

Unit 11 The p-Block Elements

11.1 Group 13 Elements: The Boron Family

11.2 Important Trends and Anomalous Properties of Boron

11.3 Some Important Compounds of Boron

11.4 Uses of Boron and Aluminium and their Compounds

11.5 Group 14 Elements: The Carbon Family

11.6 Important Trends and Anomalous Behaviour of Carbon

11.7 Allotropes of Carbon

11.8 Some Important Compounds of Carbon and Silicon

Unit 12 Organic Chemistry – Some Basic Principles and Techniques

12.1 General Introduction

12.2 Tetravalence of Carbon: Shapes of Organic Compounds

12.3 Structural Representations of Organic Compounds

12.4 Classification of Organic Compounds

12.5 Nomenclature of Organic Compounds

12.6 Isomerism

12.7 Fundamental Concepts in Organic Reaction Mechanism

12.8 Methods of Purification of Organic Compounds

12.9 Qualitative Analysis of Organic Compounds

12.10 Quantitative Analysis

Unit 13 Hydrocarbons

13.1 Classification

13.2 Alkanes

13.3 Alkenes

13.4 Alkynes

13.5 Aromatic Hydrocarbon

13.6 Carcinogenicity and Toxicity

Unit 14 Environmental Chemistry

14.1 Environmental Pollution

14.2 Atmospheric Pollution

14.3 Water Pollution

14.4 Soil Pollution

14.5 Industrial Waste

14.6 Strategies to control Environmental Pollution

14.7 Green Chemistry